Technology is nothing but the total sum of human knowledge, skills, abilities, and creative capacities applied in the development of new products or services or in the achievement of goals, for example in scientific research. The history of technology can be divided into two main periods-the early classical period, which began in around the 3 rd century BC, and the classical period, which commenced in around the 12 th century BC. In the course of this period, the technology was used not only to make and produce different items and objects, but also to create new sciences and new philosophies, such as those associated with Stoicism. This branch of philosophy became popular amongst the Romans and then remained a part of the Roman Catholic Church until its collapse some time later.
The other main period in the history of technology is the industrial revolution. This was facilitated by the development of new manufacturing processes, especially those that were able to utilize the new technologies of the time such as the assembly line. During this time, mass production became commonplace, which resulted in greater quantities being produced for fewer materials. Technology in this period also produced great improvements in material and energy consumption and also greatly influenced the political and economic development of the world. These factors led to the rise of major industrial cities such as London, Manchester and Chicago.
After the Industrial Revolution, new technologies were continually developed. One of these was the telephone. This incredible invention was an offshoot of the telegraph and the wheel, allowing people to communicate across great distances without using letters or other means of communication previously available. This made communication more accessible, allowing new social networks to evolve. Technological change also brought about new modes of transportation, with the invention of the railroad and the bus. Improvements in communication and transportation systems further increased the global scope of human interaction.
With the advent of new technology, many jobs were transformed into what they are now-monetary occupations. As money became the means of exchange in society, banks emerged, with the commercial banking being the most prominent among them. The impact of technology on society has been profound and continues today. It is not possible to live a modern lifestyle without a credit card or debit card. Today, anyone can conduct virtually any transaction using his or her computer, including obtaining loans, making purchases and borrowing money.
Technology has also played a key role in how society relates to itself. Many people rely on technology to communicate, conduct business and to participate in society. In fact, society itself has developed certain norms based on technology. For instance, the widespread use of email has reduced the need for letters, magazines and other written communication. The importance placed on voice communication over the telephone and text messaging is another example of how technology has impacted society.
There are many theories and arguments on the causes of technological development. Most experts agree that the impact of technology on society cannot be ignored. Because it affects nearly every aspect of life, the rapid spread of technology must be analyzed in a serious manner. The rapid pace at which technology is developing will continue as new challenges and opportunities arise. As society continues to develop technologically, the roles technology plays in society will become increasingly important.