Leukemia is a type of cancer that is found in the spinal marrow. In the marrow of the spinal cord there is an immature type of blood cells, which are known as stem cells. They are neutral in their beginning and then develop into various types of blood cells (white blood cells red blood cells, platelets). Leukemia hinders the process that is normal for maturing the cells and results in the accumulation of blood cell in bone marrow, blood, and eventually in organs of the body. The majority of the cells that result aren’t functioning properly inside the body since they’re unable to be used to perform the function of normal blood cells.
Based on the speed of development, the illness may be either acute leukemia (developing quickly) or chronic (slow progressing).
A particular characteristic of chronic leukemia, is the failure of stem cells (immature cells that are found in bone marrow) to achieve the stage of maturation. The immature blood cells tend to constantly divide and build up in the bloodstream. Leukemia that is acute develops rapidly and those suffering from it need prompt treatment and a particular therapy. If not treated or treated properly acute leukemia may cause the death of patients within a matter of months. Although certain types of acute leukemia are generally well-treated, others do not respond well to particular treatment.
The characteristic of the chronic form of leukemia is the leukemic cells typically come from older cells, however, in the majority of cases they don’t develop normally. Leukemia cells live for long time frames and tend to accumulate in the bloodstream. While normal people possess between 5000 and 10000 white blood cells within their bodies, those suffering from chronic leukemia might contain more than 100,000.
Myelogenous and Lymphocytic forms of leukemia originate by different kinds of cells. The lymphocytic form of leukemia is formed from lymphoblasts, or lymphocytes that reside in the spongy tissue of bones. In contrast, myelogenous types of leukemia (sometimes called myelocytic and myeloid leukemia) originates from myeloid cell. Based on the kinds of the cells that are involved in formation of leukemia as well as the rate of cell division that is unique to each form that is affected, the primary types of leukemia include: acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) and chronic myelogenous lesions (CML) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) as well as chronic lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL).
Alongside the standard types of chronic leukemia there are some unique forms. The hairy cell leukemia (HCL) similar to chronic lymphocytic leukemia has an accelerated development. The hairy cells in leukemia differ from cancerous cells mostly due to their appearance. Hairy cell leukemia isn’t a condition that can react well to treatments. Prolymphocytic leukemia is an extremely uncommon and rare type of chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
Certain types of cancer, known as lymphomas, result from abnormal blood cells found in lymph nodes, the liver and spleen as well as other organs. These kinds of cancers don’t happen in the bone marrow, and exhibit an appearance that isn’t typical of all forms of leukemia that is lymphocytic.