Water damage can be classified into different categories depending on the nature of the loss. Generally speaking, the more severe the damage, the more extensive the classifications of water damage is. Most of the time, damage caused by water is classified into two major categories: structural and environmental. Structural damage takes place when water penetrates into a building through a break in the foundation or the support system. The water may invade through a basement floor, a slab or the insulated walls that are placed over the ground floor. When the water reaches a surface, such as the floors, carpets, and furniture, it usually results in structural damage.
In environmental damage, the damage is generally caused by water entering a structure through a leak, broken pipes, seepage, or other means. Common causes of this type of damage include leaks from plumbing systems, seepage from soil, rain, melting ice, submersion, storm water run-offs, or even poor maintenance of the home. When water enters the building, it may cause health hazards to inhabitants if adequate precautions are not taken to prevent the entry. In addition, such pollutants may also require the services of water damage restoration professionals. For example, mold, fungi, molds, and bacteria may need to be cleaned and sanitized or they may have to be eradicated from the structure.
Water damage restoration is a very costly proposition. However, it is important for homeowners to understand that they have options to repair damages that they may have incurred from water damage. If it is a minor case, such as replacing a few drywall panels, one may want to consider doing the repairs oneself. One can purchase commercially available products that can help make the repairs, or one may want to learn how to perform some of the repairs on your own. However, if the damage is more extensive, or if it requires extensive repairs, then hiring a professional may be the best option. Either way, it is important for a homeowner to be informed about the types of damage and repairs that can occur, so that he or she can make an informed decision about the extent of the damage and the best course of action for the situation.